Major Divisions of Science

Science is the process and product of understanding the things around us. Because that is such a big task, scientific study is often separated into divisions or branches. Within each of those branches (and overlapping between them) are many areas of specialty.

Life Sciences

Earth Sciences

Physical Sciences

The study of living things, their parts and interactions.

The study of the Earth, other planets and space.

The study of matter and energy and their relationship.

biology

zoology

astronomy

geology

chemistry

physics

microbiology

botany

oceanography

seismology

computer sci.

engineering

Write "L". "E", or "P" beside these questions showing to which branch of science it belongs.

 

What are Jupiter’s moons like?

 

What data helps us predict weather?

 

What makes firecrackers explode?

 

How does a battery store energy?

 

What make snake venom poisonous?

 

What type of acid is in oranges?

 

How do sedimentary rocks form?

 

Why are oranges good for quick energy?

 

How is a crab similar to a spider?

 

How are viruses and bacteria different?

 

Why do silver and copper tarnish?

 

How do rockets move in space?

 

Are pressure and temperature related?

 

Why is Mr. Heumann so strange?

Below each branch of life science put a letter (description) and a number (a possible quote)

Anatomy

____ & ____

 

A. study of bacteria

  1. A rose is more dangerous than a Venus Fly Trap!

Anthropology

____ & ____

B. study of non-domesticated animals

  • A strange yellow growth appeared on a petri dish
  • Bacteriology

    ____ & ____

    C. the classification of living things

    • I’ve got my dad’s ears, mom’s eyes, and my dog’s nose.

    Botany

    ____ & ____

    D. the study of fish

    • Cavemen weren’t dumb, just intellectually challenged.

    Cytology

    ____ & ____

    E. the study of microscopic life forms

    • Don’t stuck your hand in the lion’s cage — they bite!

    Ecology

    ____ & ____

    F. the study of plants

    • The oil spill destroyed many tidepools on Alaska’s coast.

    Embryology

    ____ & ____

    G. the stages of growth before birth

  • Sorry teacher, my pet shark ate my lab report.
  • Genetics

    ____ & ____

    H. relationships between living & non-living things

  • The Rock Hyrax is the closest relative to the elephant.
  • Ichthyology

    ____ & ____

    I. the study of cells

    • The pancreas is the size and shape of a dog’s tongue.

    Microbiology

    ____ & ____

    J. study of DNA, heredity, and variation

  • The mitochondria is called the powerhouse of the cell.
  • Taxonomy

    ____ & ____

    K. the study of structure and functions of bodies

  • My eyes hurt from looking at algae through a microscope.
  • Zoology

    ____ & ____

    L. study of the origins and development of man

  • An ultrasound showed the heartbeat of 1 mo. old fetus.
  • Village G Class of 2002 Reunion

    List the three of the major branches of science (from the other side):

    1. 
    2.
    3.

    For each of these sentences write the general field (from above) on the first line, then their possible specialty

    1. Cody, Danny, and Elliot all live in the jungles of Brazil so that they can study the tropical plants that live there. They are in search of the famous man-eating Venus Fly Trap.

    What kind of scientists are they?

    2. Because they both love animals so much, Jane and Jennifer are going to get jobs at Marine World taking care of the lions and hyenas. When they went to college, they studied wild animals.

    What kind of scientists are they?

    3. Willie and Spencer love to talk. In fact, they are on the news every night yacking away about how they think the weather will be. They study air currents and the earth's atmosphere.

    What kind of scientists are they?

    4. Even though they sit quietly (?) during class, Patricia and Kaitlin are always thinking about electric gadgets and how they can design a nuclear powered robot that uses energy efficiently.

    What kind of scientists are they?

    5. Dennis and Gon work out in the desert studying rocks and earthquakes. They help mining companies find the oil and minerals that they are looking for deep under the surface of the earth.

    What kind of scientists are they?

    6. Jeffrey and Ethan are always flying to Hawaii to go scuba diving. They want to find out why tropical fish are so colorful, and what kind of foods grow in coral beds. They'll probably surf a few times too.

    What kind of scientists are they?

    7. Rachel and Monica both work to save people's lives, but don't have the same job. Rachel invents medicines to cure diseases, and Monica gives those medicines to her patients.

    What kind of scientists are they?

    8. Calvin and Charles graduated from medical school in 2006, and wanted to be doctors. Unfortunately, they fainted at the sight of blood so they had to go into other fields. List two other jobs they can get with a biology degree.

    9. After creating a clone of Mr. Heumann, Eric and John spent 2 years in jail for creating a menace to society. What kind of scientists are they?

    10. Jessica and Garima discovered the toxic contents of the "Corrosive Cougar Dog" (cafeteria's hot dog). What kind of scientists are they?

    11. What career might you have in 15 years, and what kind of an education will you need to get there?